Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.)Miq.

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Ficus abutilifolia

Nchendeni Hills; Dec 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus abutilifolia

Victoria Falls, 5th Gorge; Nov 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Ficus picta Sim
Ficus soldanella Warb.
Common names: Mubungubungu (Tonga: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth and creamy-white, the trunk twisted and branching low; leaves alternate, hairless, leathery, almost circular, veins yellow-green conspicuous. The figs are borne singly or in small groups, axillary or on bare branches, green with cream spots, turning red when ripe.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: abutilifolia: with leaves like an Abutilon
Habitat: Rocky escarpment slopes. It typically scrambles over rocks, growing from cracks and crevices, eventually splitting the rocks.
Altitude range: Up to 1360 m
Flowering time:Aug - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, lithophyte, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella comptoni (Fig pollinator)
Nigeriella fusciceps (Wasp pollinator)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 19 July 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 62 - 63.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 129 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 212. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 137.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus soldanella

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Other sources of information about Ficus abutilifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Malawi: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus abutilifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus abutilifolia
African Plant Database: Ficus abutilifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus abutilifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus abutilifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus abutilifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus abutilifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus abutilifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus abutilifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus abutilifolia
Plants of the World Online: Ficus abutilifolia
Tropicos: Ficus abutilifolia
Wikipedia: Ficus abutilifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus abutilifolia., retrieved 24 May 2024

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