Ficus salicifolia Vahl

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Synonyms: Ficus cordata Thunb. subsp. salicifolia (Vahl) C.C. Berg
Ficus pretoriae Burtt Davy
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Trees or shrubs, terrestrial, epilithic (rock splitting), monoecious (both sexes on same plant), sap milky. Figs in pairs, or more together, in leaf axils or just below the leaves; basal bracts 3, lateral bracts absent, ostiole circular, with 3 ostiolar bracts visible (Genus Ficus, Subgenus Urostigma).
Leaf with basal pair of veins more or less closely following the leaf margin; the main lateral veins forking near the leaf margin (compare Ficus ingens). Leaf lamina(3)5(8) times as long as the petiole. Figs pedunculate.
Type location:
Notes: Endemic status: probably more common than is apparent from the few collections.
Derivation of specific name: salicifolia: leaves like a willow (Salix sp.)
Habitat: Rock
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout eastern Africa from Botswana and South Africa to Egypt and Yemen, Socotra, with an outlier population in Algeria. A few records in south-eastern Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Platyscapa awekei (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 July 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 55 - 57. As Ficus cordata salicifolia (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 82 - 86. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 85. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 147 - 148.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus pretoriae

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 22 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Other sources of information about Ficus salicifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus salicifolia
Flora of Malawi: Ficus salicifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus salicifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus salicifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus salicifolia
African Plant Database: Ficus salicifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus salicifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus salicifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus salicifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus salicifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus salicifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus salicifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus salicifolia
Plants of the World Online: Ficus salicifolia
Tropicos: Ficus salicifolia
Wikipedia: Ficus salicifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus salicifolia., retrieved 5 March 2024

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