Ficus craterostoma Mildbr. & Burret

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Ficus craterostoma

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected from Lake Mweru, Nchelenge; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Ficus luteola De Wild.
Ficus pilusola De Wild.
Common names: Forest figtree (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree, often growing as a lithophyte or strangler. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous, sometimes subopposite, 3−8 × 2−4.5 cm, hairless, dark green above, paler beneath, obtriangular to subobovate, the apex often markedly truncate or even slightly bi-lobed. Midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina. Petiole grooved along the top. Figs initially enveloped by a bud cover up to c. 10 mm. long; mature figs c. 15 mm in diameter, in pairs in leaf axils, sessile, warty with reddish spots.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes: Distribution according to Burrows & Burrows: Mwinilunga to Mbala; Natal coast and isolated occurrences in montane areas of Zimbabwe and South Africa.
In Zambia it occurs in areas receiving about 1200 mm of annual rainfall.
Derivation of specific name: craterostoma: from cratero-, bowl-shaped and -stoma, opening or mouth (Gr); probably referring to the relatively large aperture or ostiole in the figs.
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Sierra Leone to Uganda, Tanzania and South to Angola and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Alfonsiella michalaudi (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 July 2013
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 64 - 66.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 90. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 141.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Ficus craterostoma:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus craterostoma
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus craterostoma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus craterostoma
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus craterostoma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus craterostoma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus craterostoma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus craterostoma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus craterostoma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus craterostoma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus craterostoma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus craterostoma
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus craterostoma
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus craterostoma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus craterostoma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus craterostoma
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus craterostoma
Tropicos: Ficus craterostoma


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus craterostoma.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120270, retrieved 26 May 2019

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