Ficus glumosa Delile

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Ficus glumosa

Lunga-Luswishi GMA, Mufapanda; Nov 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus glumosa

Lunga-Luswishi GMA, Mufapanda; Nov 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus glumosa

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected at Kafue town; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus glumosa

Lusaka SE 13km; Jun 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus montana Sim
Ficus rehmannii Warb.
Ficus sonderi Miq.
Common names: Cikuyu (Lunda) Cilembela (Ila) Cilembela (Lenje) Cilembela (Tonga: Zambia) Hairy rock fig (English: Zambia) Kakuyu (Tonga: Zambia) Mountain rock fig (English: Zambia) Mtawa (Nyanja) Mulembela (Kaonde)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Usually a small tree, most commonly as a lithophytic rock-splitter. Bark pale greyish-cream, smooth and flaking. Leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, more rarely ovate or almost round, 4-14 cm, dark green above, paler below, thickly leathery, with long silky hairs on both surfaces, particularly on the veins. Hairs sometimes almost lost on older leaves; base cordate or rounded; veins prominent below; margin entire. Fruits singly or in pairs in the leaf axils pedunculate, spherical to ellipsoid, 8-15 mm in diameter, variously hairy, covered in small small warts, pink to red when ripe.
Type location:
Notes: Classification: subgenus Urostigma, section Galoglychia, subsection Platyphyllae.
Derivation of specific name: glumosa: bearing glumes, referring to the prominent stipules, which enclose the leaf bud. Note that a glume normally is one of the bracts surrounding the flowers of grasses
Habitat: Rocks, termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal in the West and Yemen in the northeast, throughout tropical Africa to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella glumosae (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 19 July 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 59 - 60.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 112 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 142.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus sonderi

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Other sources of information about Ficus glumosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Malawi: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus glumosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus glumosa
African Plant Database: Ficus glumosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus glumosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus glumosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus glumosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus glumosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus glumosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus glumosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus glumosa
Plants of the World Online: Ficus glumosa
Tropicos: Ficus glumosa
Wikipedia: Ficus glumosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus glumosa., retrieved 29 November 2023

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