Ficus scassellatii Pamp.
subsp. scassellatii

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Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Musuku Mountains; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Musuku Mountains; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE 13km; Dec 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus kirkii Hutch.
Common names: Crown-fruited fig (English: Zambia) Kacele (Nyanja)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Small to large evergreen tree. Bark fairly smooth, cream to pale brown, flaking in older specimens. Leaves very stiff and leathery, oblong-elliptic or somewhat obovate, 7-20 cm long, rather dull dark-green above, paler below, hairless; veins prominent and yellowish below with dense net-veining conspicuous; apex rounded with a short broad point; margin entire, often rolled under. Fruit singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, mostly spherical, 15-20 mm in diameter, ± hairless or minutely pubescent, normally with a few scattered tubercles and crowned with a prominent, nipple-like ostiole, green when ripe.
Type location:
Somalia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: scassellatii : after G. Scassellati-Sforzolini, Italian Botanist, who collected in Somalia between 1911 and 1929
Habitat: Montane and sub-montane forest.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1850 m
Flowering time:Feb - Jun
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Recorded in three forests on the Zambian Nyika by Dowsett-Lemaire (1985).
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 September 2013
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 75 - 76. As Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215. as Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 87. As Ficus scassellatii (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 148 - 149.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1985). The forest vegetation of the Nyika Plateau (Malawi-Zambia): ecological and phenological studies. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. / Bull. Nat. Plantentuin Belg. 55 (3/4)

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18. As Ficus kirkii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus kirkii

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 166.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Other sources of information about Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus scassellatii
African Plant Database: Ficus scassellatii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus scassellatii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus scassellatii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus scassellatii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus scassellatii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus scassellatii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus scassellatii
iNaturalist: Ficus scassellatii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus scassellatii
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus scassellatii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus scassellatii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus scassellatii
Plants of the World Online: Ficus scassellatii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus scassellatii
Tropicos: Ficus scassellatii
Wikipedia: Ficus scassellatii


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120380, retrieved 17 October 2019

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