Ficus scassellatii Pamp.
subsp. scassellatii

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Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Musuku Mountains; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected in Malawi, Musuku Mountains; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Lusaka SE 13km; Dec 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus kirkii Hutch.
Common names: Crown-fruited fig (English: Zambia) Kacele (Nyanja)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Small to large evergreen tree. Bark fairly smooth, cream to pale brown, flaking in older specimens. Leaves very stiff and leathery, oblong-elliptic or somewhat obovate, 7-20 cm long, rather dull dark-green above, paler below, hairless; veins prominent and yellowish below with dense net-veining conspicuous; apex rounded with a short broad point; margin entire, often rolled under. Fruit singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, mostly spherical, 15-20 mm in diameter, ± hairless or minutely pubescent, normally with a few scattered tubercles and crowned with a prominent, nipple-like ostiole, green when ripe.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: scassellatii : after G. Scassellati-Sforzolini, Italian Botanist, who collected in Somalia between 1911 and 1929
Habitat: Montane and sub-montane forest.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1850 m
Flowering time:Feb - Jun
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Recorded in three forests on the Zambian Nyika by Dowsett-Lemaire (1985).
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 23 September 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 75 - 76. As Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215. as Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 87. As Ficus scassellatii (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 148 - 149.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1985). The forest vegetation of the Nyika Plateau (Malawi-Zambia): ecological and phenological studies. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. / Bull. Nat. Plantentuin Belg. 55 (3/4)

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus kirkii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Other sources of information about Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus scassellatii
African Plant Database: Ficus scassellatii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus scassellatii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus scassellatii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus scassellatii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus scassellatii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus scassellatii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus scassellatii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus scassellatii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus scassellatii
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus scassellatii
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus scassellatii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus scassellatii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus scassellatii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus scassellatii
Tropicos: Ficus scassellatii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii., retrieved 26 May 2019

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