Ficus stuhlmannii Warb.

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Ficus stuhlmannii

Lusaka SE 13km; Jun 2011.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus stuhlmannii

Lusaka; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Ficus howardiana Sim
Common names: Mukunyu (Bemba) Mupula-mpako (Bemba) Stuhlmann's fig (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree, terrestrial or as a strangler. Leaves very stiff and thickly textured, obovate, oblong-ovate or elliptic-oblong, 6-20 cm long, grey-green to light green above, paler below, finely hairy above, particularly along the veins, more densely hairy below; veins prominent and yellowish below; margins entire, flat or wavy. Fruits sessile, borne along the branches and in the leaf axils, spherical to ovoid c. 15 mm in diameter, finely hairy, yellowish green with reddish spots, sometimes pink or purple when ripe.
Type location:
Notes: Classification: subgenus Urostigma, section Galoglychia, subsection Platyphyllae.
Branchlets bearing figs are frequently infested with white cottony aphis (Order Hemiptera, Family Coccidae).
Derivation of specific name: stuhlmannii: after Dr Franz Ludwig Stuhlmann (1863-1928), German zoologist, who collected many plants in Mozambique and Tanzania.
Habitat: Termite mounds in miombo woodland, and rocky outcrops.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia, down to Namibia and the northern Cape and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Alfonsiella binghami (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 19 July 2013

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Page 60.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 116 - 119. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 149.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Other sources of information about Ficus stuhlmannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus stuhlmannii
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus stuhlmannii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus stuhlmannii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus stuhlmannii
African Plant Database: Ficus stuhlmannii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus stuhlmannii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus stuhlmannii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus stuhlmannii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus stuhlmannii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus stuhlmannii
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus stuhlmannii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus stuhlmannii
Plants of the World Online: Ficus stuhlmannii
Tropicos: Ficus stuhlmannii
Wikipedia: Ficus stuhlmannii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus stuhlmannii., retrieved 22 April 2024

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