Commicarpus plumbagineus (Cav.) Standl.

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Commicarpus plumbagineus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, Bushman's Point

Commicarpus plumbagineus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, Bushman's Point

Commicarpus plumbagineus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, Bushman's Point

Commicarpus plumbagineus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Deteema Dam Hide

Commicarpus plumbagineus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River bridge, Gokwe District.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Boerhavia plumbaginea Cav.
Common names:
Status: Native
Scrambling herb with long branched stems, up to several metres, growing from a woody root-stock. Stems may be woody near the base. The leaves are ovate, slightly fleshy, more or less pubescent on both surfaces; inflorescences in irregular umbels of white trumpet-shaped flowers with long exserted stamens; fruits up to 1.3 cm with wart-like sticky glands scattered along the sides and concentrated around the apex.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A species of dense woodland and forest edges often near water.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Arabia and Asia as far as India; Also in Spain.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,?E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15. As Commicarpus plumbagineus plumbagineus

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 236. As Commicarpus africanus

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 409. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 84. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 89.

Stannard, B.L. (1988). Nyctaginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 16 - 18. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 220.

Other sources of information about Commicarpus plumbagineus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Flora of Caprivi: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Commicarpus plumbagineus
Flora of Malawi: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Flora of Mozambique: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commicarpus plumbagineus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commicarpus plumbagineus
African Plant Database: Commicarpus plumbagineus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commicarpus plumbagineus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commicarpus plumbagineus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commicarpus plumbagineus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Commicarpus plumbagineus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commicarpus plumbagineus
JSTOR Plant Science: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Plants of the World Online: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Tropicos: Commicarpus plumbagineus
Wikipedia: Commicarpus plumbagineus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Commicarpus plumbagineus., retrieved 4 March 2024

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