Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A.Rich.

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Synonyms: Habzelia aethiopica (Dunal) A. DC.
Unona aethiopica Dunal
Uvaria aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Xylopia eminii Engl.
Xylopicrum aethiopicum (Dunal) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Tall evergreen tree with a straight stem, sometimes buttressed. Bark grey-brown, fairly smooth; branches red-brown to blackish, with numerous and conspicuous lenticels. Leaves oblong-elliptic to ovate, 8-16.5 cm long, leathery, apex with a distinct drip-tip up to 2 cm long, bluish-green and hairless above, covered in brown appressed hairs below, net-veining prominent on both surfaces; margin entire; petiole short and thick, usually dark-coloured. Flowers solitary or in 2-5-flowered clusters, greenish-white to yellow, strongly scented. Petals linear, up to 5 cm long. Fruit of many cylindric carpels, up to 6 cm long, hairless, usually diagonally ridged, green or reddish.
Type location:
Syntypes from Sierra Leone and Ethiopia
Derivation of specific name: aethiopica: of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to the Sudan and Uganda and South to Angola, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 135. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 208.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 75.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Johnson, D.M. & Murray, N.A. (2018). A revision of Xylopia L. (Annonaceae): the species of Tropical Africa Phytokeys 97 Pages 76 - 88. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 17.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 136.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Other sources of information about Xylopia aethiopica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylopia aethiopica
Flora of Mozambique: Xylopia aethiopica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Xylopia aethiopica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylopia aethiopica
African Plant Database: Xylopia aethiopica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylopia aethiopica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia aethiopica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylopia aethiopica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Xylopia aethiopica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia aethiopica
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia aethiopica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylopia aethiopica
Plants of the World Online: Xylopia aethiopica
Tropicos: Xylopia aethiopica
Wikipedia: Xylopia aethiopica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Xylopia aethiopica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123860, retrieved 4 March 2024

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