Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg

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Cladostemon kirkii

Picture: Darrel Plowes
Dott's Drift, Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Cladostemon kirkii

Picture: Darrel Plowes
Dott's Drift, Chisumbanje, Save Valley

Cladostemon kirkii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Tembwahata pans, Gonarezhou National Park.

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Synonyms: Cladostemon paxianus Gilg
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves 3-foliolate with ovate to obovate leaflets, shiny green, thinly textured. Flowers in terminal or axillary, branched inflorescences, white with pink veins, turning yellow with age, sweetly scented, distinctly asymmetric with 2 upper petals much larger than the lower; stamens fused to form a structure up to 15 cm long. Fruit conspicuous c. 8 cm, pendulous on a long, sharply bent, jointed stalk.
Type location:
Syntypes from Mozambique, Tete, Lupata
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: In open woodland and scrub in hot areas, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 221 - 222.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 65.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 211 - 213. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cladostemon kirkii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cladostemon kirkii
Flora of Mozambique: Cladostemon kirkii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cladostemon kirkii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cladostemon kirkii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cladostemon kirkii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cladostemon kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cladostemon kirkii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cladostemon kirkii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cladostemon kirkii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cladostemon kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cladostemon kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cladostemon kirkii
Ispot Southern Africa: Cladostemon kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cladostemon kirkii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cladostemon kirkii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cladostemon kirkii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cladostemon kirkii
Tropicos: Cladostemon kirkii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cladostemon kirkii., retrieved 23 February 2018

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