Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth.

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Parinari curatellifolia

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Lusaka; 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Sep 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Lusaka E, Merretts Hill; Sep 2012.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Parinari curatellifolia

Sep 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Parinari mobola Oliv.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized evergreen tree with a distinct mushroom shape. The flowers are small, white to pink, the calyces and stalks covered in dense woolly, rust-coloured hairs.
Type location:
West Africa
Notes: The fruit is much sought after and the trees are normally left standing when areas of woodland are cleared, making them a conspicuous feature along the roads.
Derivation of specific name: curatellifolia: with leaves like a Curatella (Dilleniaceae, a largely Australasian family)
Habitat: In open woodland, characteristic of sandy soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jul - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Kenya and South to Botswana and Swaziland
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Coeliades forestan forestan (Food plant)
Platylesches picanini (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 September 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 127.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 174. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 375 - 380. Parinari mobola (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 7.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 115. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 239.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 40 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg.

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 2 - 3. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 40.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 46.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 70 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 11. as Parinarium mobola

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 275 - 276.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 68.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Pages 69 - 70.

White, F. (1978). Chrysobalanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 38 - 40. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.

Other sources of information about Parinari curatellifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Parinari curatellifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Parinari curatellifolia
Flora of Malawi: Parinari curatellifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Parinari curatellifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Parinari curatellifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Parinari curatellifolia
African Plant Database: Parinari curatellifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Parinari curatellifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Parinari curatellifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Parinari curatellifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Parinari curatellifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Parinari curatellifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Parinari curatellifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Parinari curatellifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Parinari curatellifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Parinari curatellifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Parinari curatellifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Parinari curatellifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Parinari curatellifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Parinari curatellifolia
Tropicos: Parinari curatellifolia


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Parinari curatellifolia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=125510, retrieved 11 December 2018

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