Acacia pentagona (Schumach.) Hook. f.

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Acacia pentagona

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Acacia pentagona

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Acacia pentagona

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Acacia pentaptera Welw.
Acacia silvicola Gilbert & Boutique
Mimosa pentagona Schumach.
Senegalia pentagona (Schumach.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust liana, up to 30 m high. Young branches reddish-brown, often coiling to aid climbing; older stems distinctly 5-angled; hooked prickles scattered along the stems. Leaves up to 25 × 15 cm with 8-15 pairs of pinnae; petiole up 6 cm long. Flowers in spherical heads forming a terminal panicle, white. Pod oblong, hard, indehiscent with a thickened margin, brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: pentagona: 5-angled
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 450 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Sierra Leone to Sudan and South to Angola, eastern Zimbabwe and western Mozambique. Also in Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes zoolina zoolina (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 3 February 2012

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 84 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 206. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 293.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 62.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 54.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Other sources of information about Acacia pentagona:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Acacia pentagona
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia pentagona
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia pentagona

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia pentagona
African Plant Database: Acacia pentagona
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia pentagona
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia pentagona
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia pentagona
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia pentagona
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia pentagona
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia pentagona
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia pentagona
Plants of the World Online: Acacia pentagona
Tropicos: Acacia pentagona
Wikipedia: Acacia pentagona

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Acacia pentagona., retrieved 1 March 2024

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