Newtonia buchananii (Baker) G.C.C. Gilbert & Boutique

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Newtonia buchananii

Katanga Province, DRC;
Feb 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

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Synonyms: Piptadenia buchananii Baker
Common names:
Very large tree. Bark greyish-brown, fairly smooth; large trees often buttressed at the base Leaves with 12-23 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 38-67 pairs per pinna, linear-oblong, very small, less than 1 cm long; rhachis with a stalked gland between each pair of pinnae. Flowers in axillary spikes up to 19 cm long, white to yellow. Pods slender, up to 32 cm long, flat, splitting on one side and opening out flat. Seeds up to 7.5 cm surrounded by a reddish papery wing.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jun - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 8 March 2016

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 28 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 212. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 221. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 40.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 17. as Piptadenia buchanani

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 94 - 95.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.

Other sources of information about Newtonia buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Malawi: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Newtonia buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Newtonia buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Newtonia buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Newtonia buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Newtonia buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Newtonia buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Newtonia buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Newtonia buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Newtonia buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Newtonia buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Newtonia buchananii
Tropicos: Newtonia buchananii
Wikipedia: Newtonia buchananii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Newtonia buchananii., retrieved 30 November 2023

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