Erythrophleum africanum (Welw. ex Benth.) Harms

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Erythrophleum africanum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Erythrophleum africanum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Erythrophleum africanum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Erythrophleum africanum

Livingstone; Jan 1973.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Erythrophleum africanum

Oct 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Erythrophleum africanum

Tree; Beyond Kasisi Mission; Oct 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Erythrophleum africanum

Trident Project Kalumbila; Oct 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Erythrophleum pubistamineum Henn.
Common names: Mubako (Lozi) Mukoso (Bemba) Mukoso (Soli) Musese wehata (Lunda)
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark rough and grey to blackish; new shoots and young leaves often tinged mauve. Leaves 2-pinnate with 3-4 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 8-17 per pinna, alternate, elliptic, c. 2.5-5 cm long, finely velvety below particularly when young. Flowers in dense spikes, often clustered to form large heads, cream to yellowish, sweetly scented. Fruit a flat woody pod up to 17 cm long, dehiscent.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa
Habitat: In hot and dry woodland and riverine thickets, on Kalahari sand and other sandy soils.
Altitude range: 250 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa as far as Namibia but apparently absent from Uganda and Kenya.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 June 2013

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 207 - 209.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 255. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 314 - 315. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 198 - 199. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 60.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 134 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 53.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 66.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 92.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 120 - 121. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 91.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 598 - 599. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Erythrophleum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Caprivi: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Malawi: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythrophleum africanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrophleum africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrophleum africanum
African Plant Database: Erythrophleum africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrophleum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrophleum africanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrophleum africanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrophleum africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrophleum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrophleum africanum
iNaturalist: Erythrophleum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrophleum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrophleum africanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrophleum africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrophleum africanum
Plants of the World Online: Erythrophleum africanum
Tropicos: Erythrophleum africanum
Wikipedia: Erythrophleum africanum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Erythrophleum africanum., retrieved 9 February 2023

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