Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) J. Léonard

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Colophospermum mopane

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Colophospermum mopane

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Colophospermum mopane

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Colophospermum mopane

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Colophospermum mopane

Mopane Woodland; North Luangwa NP; Aug 2009.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Copaifera mopane J. Kirk ex Benth.
Hardwickia mopane (J. Kirk ex Benth.) Breteler
Common names: Mupane (Bemba) Mupane (Lozi) Mupane (Nyanja) Mupane (Tumbuka) Mupane (Tonga: Zambia) Mwaani (Lozi) Mwaani (Tonga: Zambia)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree of hot low altitudes. Leaves 2-foliolate; leaflets asymmetric, up to 9 × 5 cm with several veins from the base. A terminal appendage may be present between the leaflets. Inflorescence. up to 7 cm. Flowers greenish. Sepals 4, 2 outer ± 6 × 5 mm, 2 inner ± 5.5 × 4.5 mm, ± reflexed in flower; petals absent; filaments long (up to 6 mm), exserted. Pod 3.5-6 × 2-3.2 cm. Seed ± 2.5 × 1.4 cm.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: mopane: from the local name in Setswana and many other languages in Southern Africa.
Habitat: Mopane Woodland and termite mounds
Altitude range: 60 - 1300 m
Flowering time:Oct - Mar (flowering erratic)
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa, just entering northern Mpumalanga.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Gynanisa maja (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 25 June 2013

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 36 - 39. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 101 - 106. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 253. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 122 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 63.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 21. as Copaifera mopane

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 378 - 379. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Colophospermum mopane:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Colophospermum mopane
Flora of Caprivi: Colophospermum mopane
Flora of Malawi: Colophospermum mopane
Flora of Mozambique: Colophospermum mopane
Flora of Zimbabwe: Colophospermum mopane

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Colophospermum mopane
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Colophospermum mopane
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Colophospermum mopane
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Colophospermum mopane
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Colophospermum mopane
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Colophospermum mopane
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Colophospermum mopane
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Colophospermum mopane
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Colophospermum mopane
Ispot Southern Africa: Colophospermum mopane
JSTOR Plant Science: Colophospermum mopane
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Colophospermum mopane
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Colophospermum mopane
The Plant List (version 1.1): Colophospermum mopane
Tropicos: Colophospermum mopane

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Colophospermum mopane., retrieved 25 March 2018

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