Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby

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Senna didymobotrya

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Picture: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River bridge, Gokwe District.

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Synonyms: Cassia didymobotrya Fresen.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub, 1-5(-9) m. Stipules broadly ovate-cordate, 8-12 mm wide, acuminate. Leaves foetid, smelling somewhat like peanut butter when crushed, usually 10-30 cm; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Leaflets in 8-18 pairs: lamina 2-6.5 × 0.6-2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic, pubescent; apex rounded to obtuse with a 1-3 mm mucro. Racemes including peduncle, 11-35 cm. Sepals dark brown. Petals 1.8-2.7 cm, bright yellow. Pod 8-12 × 1.5-2.5 cm, flattened.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Waste land (ruderal)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in eastern and southern tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Lk,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 June 2013

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 265. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. as Cassia didymobotrya

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243. As Cassia didymobotrya

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Other sources of information about Senna didymobotrya:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Malawi: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Mozambique: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Senna didymobotrya

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Senna didymobotrya
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Senna didymobotrya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senna didymobotrya
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Senna didymobotrya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Senna didymobotrya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senna didymobotrya
JSTOR Plant Science: Senna didymobotrya
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Senna didymobotrya
Plants of the World Online: Senna didymobotrya
Tropicos: Senna didymobotrya
Wikipedia: Senna didymobotrya

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Senna didymobotrya., retrieved 22 February 2024

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