Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

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Senna occidentalis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu River Gorge

Senna occidentalis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu River Gorge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassia occidentalis L.
Common names:
Status: Cultivated?
Erect annual or short-lived perennial herb, sometimes woody near the base. Leaves pinnate with 4 to 6 pairs of ovate-elliptic pointed leaflets, glabrous; margins ciliolate. Flowers in small clusters in the upper leaf axils, yellow. Pods flattened, mostly semi-erect.
Type location:
a cultivated plant.
Derivation of specific name: occidentalis: occidental, western
Habitat: Waste land (ruderal).
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Probably originating from tropical America, but now a pantropical weed
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,S,W
Growth form(s): Annual, perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Catopsilia florella (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 June 2013

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 152 - 154. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 267. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. as Cassia occidentalis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243. As Cassia occidentalis

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 72.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.

Other sources of information about Senna occidentalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Senna occidentalis
Flora of Caprivi: Senna occidentalis
Flora of Malawi: Senna occidentalis
Flora of Mozambique: Senna occidentalis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Senna occidentalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Senna occidentalis
African Plant Database: Senna occidentalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Senna occidentalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Senna occidentalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senna occidentalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Senna occidentalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Senna occidentalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Senna occidentalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Senna occidentalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senna occidentalis
Ispot Southern Africa: Senna occidentalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Senna occidentalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Senna occidentalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Senna occidentalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Senna occidentalis
Tropicos: Senna occidentalis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Senna occidentalis., retrieved 14 December 2018

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