Cordyla africana Lour.

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Cordyla africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Cordyla africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Cordyla africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Cordyla africana

Chirundu; 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Cordyla africana

Chirundu; 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Cordyla africana

Chirundu; 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Cordyla africana

Chirundu; 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Mtondo (Nyanja) Mutondo (Tonga: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Large deciduous tree with a spreading crown. Leaves imparipinnate with 11-28 alternate leaflets; leaflets oblong, shiny green above, paler below with translucent dots and streaks; apex usually slightly notched; the main rhachis grooved along the top. Flowers in short axillary sprays, facing upwards, petals absent, a mass of orange-yellow stamens most conspicuous; ovary stalked. Fruit ovoid, not like a pod but resembling a fleshy drupe, yellow when ripe, edible.
Type location:
East African coast
Notes: Mature trees are susceptible to drought, sometimes becoming heavily infested with mistletoe. Flowering time Sep - Oct. Widespread; not threatened.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Riverine fringing forest.
Altitude range: 0 - 1000 m
Flowering time:Jul - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Coastal districts from Kenya to North KwaZulu-Natal, extending inland in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 22 August 2014
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 27 - 28. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 288. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Smith, P.P. & Allen,Q. (1995). Common trees, shrubs and grasses of the Luangwa Valley. The Trendrine Press.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

Other sources of information about Cordyla africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cordyla africana
Flora of Mozambique: Cordyla africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cordyla africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cordyla africana
African Plant Database: Cordyla africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cordyla africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cordyla africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cordyla africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cordyla africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cordyla africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cordyla africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cordyla africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cordyla africana
Ispot Southern Africa: Cordyla africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Cordyla africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cordyla africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cordyla africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cordyla africana
Tropicos: Cordyla africana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cordyla africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127230, retrieved 26 May 2019

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