Tephrosia acaciifolia Welw. ex Baker

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Tephrosia acaciifolia

Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Photo: Nick Wightman

Tephrosia acaciifolia

Flower portrait
Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Photo: Nick Wightman

Tephrosia acaciifolia

Flower profile
Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Tephrosia melanocalyx Baker
Tephrosia salicifolia Schinz
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or short-lived perennial herb, mostly up to 60 cm high, rarely taller, with simple to much branched, appressed- to ascending-pubescent stems. Leaves simple (unifoliolate), linear-lanceolate to linear, 5–17 cm long, hairless above, appressed- or rarely spreading-pubescent beneath; petiole 0–2 mm long; stipules triangular-linear, up to 5 mm long. Flowers in lax racemes up to 15 cm long, or commonly the lower flowers in the axils of the upper 1–2 foliage leaves, rarely with foliage leaves in the middle of the inflorescence; pedicels 1–3 mm long. Calyx 2.5–6 mm long, brown pubescent, the teeth equal or up to twice as long as the tube. Petals orange to red or pink, 2–3 times as long as the calyx; standard conspicuously brown pubescent on outside. Pods 40–60 mm long, appressed-pubescent, the hairs on the sutures dark brown to blackish and conspicuously darker than the grey or whitish hairs covering the surfaces.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Woodland and open ground, often at roadsides.
Altitude range: 1050 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 20 April 2021

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 160 - 162. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34. As Tephrosia acaciaefolia

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 227.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51. as Tephrosia acaciaefolia

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 65. as Tephrosia acaciaefolia

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 72.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Other sources of information about Tephrosia acaciifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Flora of Malawi: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tephrosia acaciifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tephrosia acaciifolia
African Plant Database: Tephrosia acaciifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tephrosia acaciifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tephrosia acaciifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tephrosia acaciifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tephrosia acaciifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tephrosia acaciifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tephrosia acaciifolia
iNaturalist: Tephrosia acaciifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tephrosia acaciifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Plants of the World Online: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Tropicos: Tephrosia acaciifolia
Wikipedia: Tephrosia acaciifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tephrosia acaciifolia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=129570, retrieved 27 October 2021

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