Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alston

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Stylosanthes fruticosa

Railway track
Nyama area, Kabwe Distr.
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Railway track
Nyama area, Kabwe Distr.
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Railway track
Nyama area, Kabwe Distr.
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Railway track
Nyama area, Kabwe Distr.
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Arachis fruticosa Retz.
Stylosanthes mucronata Willd.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Small shrubby perennial herb, sometimes only short-lived. Stems erect or sometimes prostrate, up to 1 m long, more or less densely hairy and sometimes bristly, growing from a thick woody rootstock. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, up to 3.3 cm long, pubescent and bristly; margin entire, often thickened. Flowers in dense axillary and terminal heads, normally one flower open at the time; standard creamy-white to orange-yellow with red veining and red at the base; wings and keel yellow. Pod 1-2-jointed, 4-9 mm long, beaked, dense.
Type location:
India and Sri Lanka
Derivation of specific name: fruticosa: shrubby or becoming shrubby
Habitat: In mopane, Acacia or miombo woodland and wooded grassland, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1470 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia, Bostwana, and South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Arabia, India and Sri Lanka.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 June 2022

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 227.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 270. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 187. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 268 - 269. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 72.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 166 - 168. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Stylosanthes fruticosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora of Caprivi: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora of Mozambique: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Stylosanthes fruticosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stylosanthes fruticosa
African Plant Database: Stylosanthes fruticosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stylosanthes fruticosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stylosanthes fruticosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stylosanthes fruticosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stylosanthes fruticosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stylosanthes fruticosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Plants of the World Online: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Tropicos: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Wikipedia: Stylosanthes fruticosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Stylosanthes fruticosa., retrieved 16 June 2024

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