Alysicarpus zeyheri Harv.

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Alysicarpus zeyheri

Mutinondo Wilderness Area
Apr 2013
Photo: Lari Merret

Alysicarpus zeyheri

Mutinondo Wilderness Area
Apr 2013
Photo: Lari Merret

Alysicarpus zeyheri

Mutinondo Wilderness Area
Apr 2013
Photo: Lari Merret

Alysicarpus zeyheri

Mutinondo Wilderness Area
Apr 2013
Photo: Lari Merret

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect or somewhat spreading perennial herb 0.1–1.2 m tall, from a tough woody rootstock. Stems glabrous to pubescent. Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet 1–10 × 0.2–1.8 cm, linear to elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, acute or obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly cordate at the base, rather thick, finely puberulous and with some longer hairs on the lower surface, strongly reticulate on both surfaces; petiole 1.5–8 mm long; petiolule 0.5–1 mm long; stipules 6–17(27) mm long, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescences terminal or sometimes axillary, very lax; peduncle 1–2 cm long; rhachis 2.5–45 cm long; pedicels 1–5 mm long; primary bracts 5–7 × 2–3.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent, ciliate, deciduous; secondary bracts 2–4 mm long, linear. Calyx hairy with brown hairs, or only pubescent or puberulous; tube 1–1.5 mm long; teeth 4–7 × 1.5 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, acuminate, very narrowly imbricate, ciliate. Standard salmon or apricot-coloured, tinged red or mauve, or sometimes cream or yellow, 6–7 × 4–4.5 mm; wings crimson-purple; keel often greenish tinged salmon at the apex. Fruit 7–15 mm long, well exserted from the calyx, much constricted between the articles; articles 2–6, 2.5–3 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong-elliptic, almost smooth, the transverse ridges very obscure, puberulous or rarely glabrous. Seeds pale yellow-brown, 1.5–2 × 1.2–1.5 × 1 mm, oblong.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zeyheri: named after Carl Zeyher, 1799 - 1858, a German naturalist
Habitat: Open grasslands and woodlands; dambos.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe. Widespread in tropical Africa, from Sierra Leone and Ethiopia to South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 23 August 2017
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing Page 40.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 57.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 61.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Alysicarpus zeyheri:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Flora of Malawi: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Flora of Mozambique: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Flora of Zimbabwe: Alysicarpus zeyheri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Alysicarpus zeyheri
African Plant Database: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Alysicarpus zeyheri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Alysicarpus zeyheri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Alysicarpus zeyheri
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Alysicarpus zeyheri
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Alysicarpus zeyheri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Alysicarpus zeyheri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Alysicarpus zeyheri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Alysicarpus zeyheri
Ispot Southern Africa: Alysicarpus zeyheri
JSTOR Plant Science: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Alysicarpus zeyheri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Alysicarpus zeyheri
The Plant List (version 1.1): Alysicarpus zeyheri
Tropicos: Alysicarpus zeyheri


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Alysicarpus zeyheri.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131000, retrieved 16 July 2019

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