Rhynchosia divaricata Baker

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Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Rhynchosia divaricata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chironde area, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect plant with seasonal stems up to 3 m long, arising from a woody rootstock, sometimes scrambling or climbing in the upper parts; stems shortly and densely hairy. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets rhombic-ovate, 2–14 cm long; lateral leaflets asymmetrical, darker and pubescent to almost hairless above, more densely pubescent or greyish velvety and usually with scattered red glands beneath; venation raised and reticulate beneath; petiole 2–14 cm long; stipules oblong-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, pubescent outside. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, mostly shorter than the leaves, usually branched; bracts elliptic to ovate-acuminate, 4.5–7.5 mm long, hairy outside, very quickly deciduous. Calyx pubescent and with some longer tubercular based hairs; tube 3.5 mm long; upper lobes joined to near apex to form a bifid lip 5 × 3.5 mm; laterals 3.1 × 1.1 mm, oblong-lanceolate; lowest lobe 5 × 1.1 mm, lanceolate. Standard narrowly obovate, 17–21 mm long, yellow or orange-yellow inside striated with red-purple veins, cream-coloured outside with maroon-purple veining, sparsely to densely pubescent with tubercular based hairs; wings and keel maroon-purple or orange-yellow above and maroon-purple in middle, c. 17 mm long. Pods oblanceolate-falcate, 2.8–3.8 cm long, very shortly pubescent and with longer yellow somewhat glandular-based hairs; seeds more or less in upper part.
Type location:
Malawi, Nyika
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: divaricata: widely spreading or divergent
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland and other mixed deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Katanga DRC, southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 16 May 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 71.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 189 - 190.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 63.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia divaricata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia divaricata
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia divaricata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhynchosia divaricata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia divaricata
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia divaricata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhynchosia divaricata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia divaricata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia divaricata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhynchosia divaricata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhynchosia divaricata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia divaricata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rhynchosia divaricata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia divaricata
Ispot Southern Africa: Rhynchosia divaricata
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia divaricata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhynchosia divaricata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia divaricata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rhynchosia divaricata
Tropicos: Rhynchosia divaricata


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rhynchosia divaricata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131680, retrieved 17 August 2018

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