Eriosema englerianum Harms

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Eriosema englerianum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

Eriosema englerianum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

Eriosema englerianum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR, Harare

Eriosema englerianum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Rd to Christon Bank

Eriosema englerianum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Synonyms: Eriosema flemingioides sensu Hiern var. rhodesica L. Bolus
Eriosema hockii De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
A many-stemmed perennial, growing from a woody rootstock. The stems die off in winter or are burnt in fires, which stimulates regrowth and flowering. Leaves 3-foliolate, rarely some leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, 4-15 cm long, hairy when young above, hairless when mature, densely silvery-white velvety below. Flowers in dense, elongate heads, which may grow directly from the rootstock (photo right) before the stems develop, or are borne axillary on the stems. Standard orange to golden-yellow inside, striped reddish-brown or purplish outside; keel paler yellow, flushed purple-brown at the tip. Pods oblong-elliptic, c. 2.2 × 1.2 cm, mucronate, densely covered in silky white hairs.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: englerianum: named after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who initiated extensive botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: 400 - 1650 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,Mc,E,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 36. as Eriosema engleranum

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 217 - 218.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 60.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 55, plate 80

Other sources of information about Eriosema englerianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eriosema englerianum
Flora of Mozambique: Eriosema englerianum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriosema englerianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema englerianum
African Plant Database: Eriosema englerianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema englerianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema englerianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema englerianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema englerianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema englerianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema englerianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema englerianum
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema englerianum
Tropicos: Eriosema englerianum
Wikipedia: Eriosema englerianum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eriosema englerianum., retrieved 27 May 2024

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