Geranium arabicum Forssk.
subsp. arabicum

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Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Cloudlands layby on main Vumba rd.

Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Cloudlands layby on main Vumba rd.

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Synonyms: Geranium frigidum Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Geranium keniense Standl.
Geranium simense Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Native
Creeping or scrambling perennial herb. Leaves 5-lobed, divided for about 3/4 of the length with elliptic to rhombic segments, stiffly hairy on both surfaces. Inflorescences axillary, 1-2-flowered on long hairy peduncles; Petals obovate white or pink with conspicuous dark purple-red veins; stamens 10. Fruit smooth, hairy with a beak, 12-20 mm long.
Type location:
Notes: Zimbabwean records of Geranium arabicum have been named subsp. arabicum. The subspecies of the Zambian plants is not known but we have provisionally also placed them under subsp. arabicum.
Derivation of specific name: arabicum: of Arabia, where the type specimen was found (Yemen)
Habitat: In damp, shaded areas in woodland and along margins of forest.
Altitude range: 1100 - 2130 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread on the mountains of Tropical Africa. Also in Arabia and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 178.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Mueller, T. (1963). Geraniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 132 - 133. As Geranium arabicum (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 106.

Other sources of information about Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Geranium arabicum
African Plant Database: Geranium arabicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Geranium arabicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Geranium arabicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Geranium arabicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Geranium arabicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Geranium arabicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Geranium arabicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Geranium arabicum
Plants of the World Online: Geranium arabicum
Tropicos: Geranium arabicum
Wikipedia: Geranium arabicum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Geranium arabicum subsp. arabicum., retrieved 28 September 2023

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