Monsonia senegalensis Guill. & Perr.

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Monsonia senegalensis

Picture: Sanet Wilson
Livingstone Kazangula area.

Monsonia senegalensis

Picture: Sanet Wilson
Livingstone Kazangula area.

Monsonia senegalensis

Picture: Sanet Wilson
Livingstone Kazangula area.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate, decumbent or suberect annual herb, branching from a slightly woody base. Stems up to 40 cm long, densely covered in gland-tipped hairs. Leaves sometimes apparently opposite, ovate, up to c. 4 × 3 cm, cordate at the base; margin toothed. Flowers usually solitary, leaf-opposed or sometimes axillary, pink with darker veins; petals often shallowly lobed at the apex; stamens 15. Fruit, including the erect rostrum, 7-10.5 cm long.
Type location:
Notes: This species is absent from SABONET 32 (Phiri, 2005) and not listed for Zambia in Flora Zambesiaca vol. 2 pt 1 (Mueller & Bowden, 1963) so the specimen in the images appears to be the first record for Zambia.
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: In mopane scrub or woodland, mostly in sandy soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Egypt, Ethiopia and Kenya. Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, South Africa. Also in Asia from Arabia to India.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 13 February 2021

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Mueller, T. (1963). Geraniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 139 - 140.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 76.

Venter, H.J.T. (1979). A Monograph of Monsonia L. (Geraniaceae) Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 79-9 Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands Pages 98 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Monsonia senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monsonia senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Monsonia senegalensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monsonia senegalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monsonia senegalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monsonia senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monsonia senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monsonia senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monsonia senegalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monsonia senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monsonia senegalensis
iNaturalist: Monsonia senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monsonia senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Monsonia senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monsonia senegalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monsonia senegalensis
Plants of the World Online: Monsonia senegalensis
Tropicos: Monsonia senegalensis
Wikipedia: Monsonia senegalensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Monsonia senegalensis., retrieved 5 October 2022

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