Erythroxylum emarginatum Thonn.

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Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands lay-by, Vumba

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River, Aberfoyle, Honde Valley

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mermaids Falls, Aberfoyle

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
By road to Inyangombe Falls, near Udu Dam

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Straggling shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, oblanceolate to elliptic, often slightly notched at the apex. The leaves are held in one plane and the ends of the branches are distinctly flattened. Flowers in small axillary clusters, white, sweetly scented. Fruit a ellipsoid drupe, fleshy, red when ripe.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: emarginatum: notched at the apex; emarginate
Habitat: In a variety of habitats; in the understorey and along the margins of evergreen forest but also on rocky outcrops and in deciduous woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep-Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Euryphura achlys (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 142. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 344. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Erythroxylaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 104 - 106. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 27. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 84.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.

Other sources of information about Erythroxylum emarginatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Erythroxylum emarginatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythroxylum emarginatum
African Plant Database: Erythroxylum emarginatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythroxylum emarginatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythroxylum emarginatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythroxylum emarginatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erythroxylum emarginatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythroxylum emarginatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Plants of the World Online: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Tropicos: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Wikipedia: Erythroxylum emarginatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Erythroxylum emarginatum., retrieved 2 October 2023

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