Citrus × limon (L.) Burm. f.

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Citrus × limon

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Citrus × limon

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Citrus abyssinica (Engl.) Engl.
Citrus inaequalis (DC.) Benth.
Common names:
Status: Introduced
Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves simple (1-foliolate) with a winged petiole. Flowers bisexual, (4)5-merous), white with numerous stamens. Fruit ovoid, many-seeded, fleshy with a thick slightly warty skin, green to yellow when ripe (the well-known lemon).
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A regular, non-invasive escape along forest margins and in riverine fringes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Native to Asia and widely cultivated as a fruit tree and occasionally naturalized.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio ophidicephalus chirinda (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Struwe, L. (2014). The species names of citrus - a sweet, sour, and sticky mess

Other sources of information about Citrus × limon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Citrus × limon
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Mozambique: Citrus × limon
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Citrus × limon
Flora of Zimbabwe: Citrus × limon
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Citrus × limon

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Citrus × limon
African Plant Database: Citrus × limon
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Citrus × limon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Citrus × limon
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Citrus × limon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Citrus × limon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Citrus × limon
JSTOR Plant Science: Citrus × limon
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Citrus × limon
Plants of the World Online: Citrus × limon
Tropicos: Citrus × limon
Wikipedia: Citrus × limon

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Citrus × limon., retrieved 15 July 2024

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