Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C. DC.

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Khaya anthotheca

Drawing showing characteristics forKhaya
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Khaya anthotheca

Drawing showing characteristics forKhaya
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Khaya anthotheca

Drawing showing characteristics forKhaya
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Khaya anthotheca

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Khaya anthotheca

Katanga Province, DRC
Nov 2011
Photo: Jos Stevens

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Synonyms: Khaya nyasica Stapf ex Baker f.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Large to very large evergreen tree with a long straight stem. Bark fairly smooth but flaking; large trees often buttressed. Leaves spirally arranged, paripinnate with 2-7 pairs of leaflets; leaflets oblong-elliptic, up to 17 cm long, glossy green above, paler below, glabrous, apex abruptly tapering in to a short point, base slightly asymmetric; margin entire. Flowers in axillary branched heads, white, c. 1 cm in diameter, sweetly scented. Fruit ovoid, woody, 3 - 5 cm in diameter, splitting into 4-5 valves, pale brown. Seeds winged.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen and riverine forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 22 February 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 382. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 222 - 225. as Khaya nyasica (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Khaya nyassica

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249. As Khaya nyasica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 32 - 33. as Khaya nyasica (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 121.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 287 - 289. As Khaya nyasica (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Khaya anthotheca:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Khaya anthotheca
Flora of Mozambique: Khaya anthotheca
Flora of Zimbabwe: Khaya anthotheca
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Khaya anthotheca

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Khaya anthotheca
African Plant Database: Khaya anthotheca
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Khaya anthotheca
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Khaya anthotheca
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Khaya anthotheca
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Khaya anthotheca
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Khaya anthotheca
JSTOR Plant Science: Khaya anthotheca
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Khaya anthotheca
Plants of the World Online: Khaya anthotheca
Tropicos: Khaya anthotheca
Wikipedia: Khaya anthotheca

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Khaya anthotheca., retrieved 24 May 2024

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