Entandrophragma caudatum (Sprague) Sprague

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Entandrophragma caudatum

Chiawa; Mar 1975.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Entandrophragma caudatum

Lufupa River; Jul 1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Mike Bingham

Entandrophragma caudatum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Entandrophragma caudatum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Entandrophragma caudatum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Entandrophragma caudatum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Entandrophragma caudatum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Entandrophragma utile sensu Gomes & Sousa
Pseudocedrela caudata Sprague
Common names: Mululu (Ila) Mululu (Lozi) Mululu (Tonga: Zambia) Mupumena (Lozi) Wooden banana (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Deciduous tree up to 30 m tall and with bole to 2 m in diameter, usually without buttresses. Bark flaking in large irregular scales, leaving buff coloured patches. Capsule pale brown, cylindric, the valves dehiscing from the tip, the dangling seeds attached by the ends of the wings.
Type location:
South Africa, Transvaal
Notes: Much of the prime forest habitats have been lost through inundation (Lake Kariba), large and small scale agriculture. The trees growing on rocky terrain are less vulnerable, but don’t achieve the size of trees on deep soil.
Derivation of specific name: caudatum: having a tail (caudum), referring to the long acumen of the leaflet.
Habitat: Deciduous forest on free-draining sand, and rocky slopes
Altitude range: Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Zambia and Malawi, to Mozambique, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 28 October 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 380. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 218 - 221. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 313.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 149 - 150.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 180.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 290 - 291. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Entandrophragma caudatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Caprivi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Malawi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Mozambique: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Entandrophragma caudatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Entandrophragma caudatum
African Plant Database: Entandrophragma caudatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Entandrophragma caudatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Entandrophragma caudatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Entandrophragma caudatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Entandrophragma caudatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Entandrophragma caudatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Entandrophragma caudatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Entandrophragma caudatum
Plants of the World Online: Entandrophragma caudatum
Tropicos: Entandrophragma caudatum
Wikipedia: Entandrophragma caudatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Entandrophragma caudatum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133450, retrieved 21 April 2024

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