Turraea nilotica Kotschy & Peyr.

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Turraea nilotica

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Turraea nilotica

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Turraea nilotica

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Turraea randii Baker f.
Turraea tubulifera C. DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic, entire, up to 10 × 16 cm, densely velvety hairy, particularly on the under surface. Flowers with a distinct staminal tube, greenish-white, turning yellow with age, appearing before the leaves in dense clusters on the young branches. Fruit a near-spherical, thinly woody capsule. See T. zambesica, which is confined to the Zambesi Valley. It can be distinguished by the smaller leaves being nearly glabrous.
Type location:
Syntypes from Sudan
Derivation of specific name: nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Habitat: In miombo woodland, wooded grassland and on termite mounds
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: From Sudan and East Africa southwards to northern South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Mc,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pseudaphelia apollinaris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 January 2017

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 386. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36. As Turraea nilotica nilotica

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 231 - 234. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 10.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 104 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 34.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 122.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 309 - 311. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Turraea nilotica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Malawi: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Mozambique: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Turraea nilotica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Turraea nilotica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Turraea nilotica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Turraea nilotica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Turraea nilotica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Turraea nilotica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Turraea nilotica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Turraea nilotica
iNaturalist: Turraea nilotica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Turraea nilotica
JSTOR Plant Science: Turraea nilotica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Turraea nilotica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Turraea nilotica
Plants of the World Online: Turraea nilotica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Turraea nilotica
Tropicos: Turraea nilotica
Wikipedia: Turraea nilotica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Turraea nilotica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133490, retrieved 17 October 2019

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