Trichilia dregeana Sond.

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Trichilia dregeana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Trichilia dregeana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Trichilia dregeana

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trichilia chirindensis Swynn. & Baker f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-4 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet. Leaflets opposite or alternate, obovate to oblanceolate, glossy green above, glabrous or somewhat hairy below; margins entire. Flowers in short axillary sprays, creamy white; petals more than 2 cm. Fruit a spherical, velvety capsule, c. 3.5 cm in diameter, splitting into 3-4 valves, revealing black seeds, largely hidden in a bright orange-red aril.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: dregeana: named after Johan Drège (1794 - 1881), German Botanist in South Africa.
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Guinée, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pselaphelia flavivitta (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 384. (Includes a picture).

De Wilde, J.J.F.E. (1968). A Revision of the species of Trichilia P. Browne (Meliaceae) on the African continent Mededelingen Landbouw Hogeschool, Wageningen 68-2 Laboratory of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography, Agricultural University, Wageningen Pages 28 - 50. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 33. as Trichilia chirindensis (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 121.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 298 - 299.

Other sources of information about Trichilia dregeana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Trichilia dregeana
Flora of Malawi: Trichilia dregeana
Flora of Mozambique: Trichilia dregeana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Trichilia dregeana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Trichilia dregeana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trichilia dregeana
African Plant Database: Trichilia dregeana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trichilia dregeana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trichilia dregeana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trichilia dregeana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Trichilia dregeana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trichilia dregeana
JSTOR Plant Science: Trichilia dregeana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trichilia dregeana
Plants of the World Online: Trichilia dregeana
Tropicos: Trichilia dregeana
Wikipedia: Trichilia dregeana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Trichilia dregeana., retrieved 19 July 2024

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