Trichilia emetica Vahl
subsp. emetica

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (23)

Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica

Drawing showing characteristics forTrichilia emetica
1974: Suzanne Carter

Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica

Drawing showing characteristics forTrichilia emetica
1974: Suzanne Carter

Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica

Drawing showing characteristics forTrichilia emetica
1974: Suzanne Carter

Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica

Drawing showing characteristics forTrichilia emetica
1974: Suzanne Carter

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trichilia natalensis Sond.
Trichilia roka Chiov.
Common names:
Status: Native
Medium-sized to large evergreen tree. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-5 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets opposite or subopposite, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, mostly up to 12 cm, glossy dark green above, densely covered in curled hairs below, midrib, sunken, lateral veins closely spaced; margins entire, often rolled under. Flowers in dense terminal and axillary sprays, creamy green, fragrant. Fruit a spherical woody capsule, velvety, pale green, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, splitting into 2-3 valves, revealing black seeds, largely hidden in a bright red aril.
Type location:
Notes: Zimbabwean records of Trichilia emetica have been named subsp. emetica. The subspecies of the Zambian plants is not known but we have provisionally also placed them under subsp. emetica.
Derivation of specific name: emetica: referring to its use as an emetic in traditional medicine.
Habitat: In riverine forest and woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Also in Yemen.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N,E,C,Lk,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pselaphelia flavivitta (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 February 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 385. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 226 - 230. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 310 - 311. (Includes a picture).

De Wilde, J.J.F.E. (1968). A Revision of the species of Trichilia P. Browne (Meliaceae) on the African continent Mededelingen Landbouw Hogeschool, Wageningen 68-2 Laboratory of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography, Agricultural University, Wageningen Pages 50 - 67. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 121.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 219. as Trichilia emetica

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 299 - 302. As Trichilia emetica (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
Flora of Caprivi: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
Flora of Malawi: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
Flora of Mozambique: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trichilia emetica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trichilia emetica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trichilia emetica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trichilia emetica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Trichilia emetica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trichilia emetica
JSTOR Plant Science: Trichilia emetica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trichilia emetica
Plants of the World Online: Trichilia emetica
Tropicos: Trichilia emetica
Wikipedia: Trichilia emetica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica., retrieved 22 April 2024

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use