Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen.

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Securidaca longepedunculata

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Tree with drooping branches;
Petauke, Mtirisi; Feb 1981.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Tree in bloom;
Oct 1973.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Inflorescence; Sep 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Leaves & flowers; Oct 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Young fruits; Oct 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

Fruits; Lusaka SE; Nov 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Securidaca longepedunculata

The larval foodplant of the butterfly, Charaxes penricei, final instar;
Lusaka SE; Jul 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lophostylis pallida Klotzsch
Common names: Bwazi (Tonga: Zambia) Kapapi (Nyanja) Mufufuma (Ila) Mupapala (Lenje) Mupapi (Bemba) Mutata (Lunda) Violet tree (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub or small tree, very variable in habit, sometime spiny, occasionally with drooping branches. Leaves alternate, oblong to narrowly elliptic, grey-green, margins entire. Flowers in terminal and axillary sprays on long stalks, pink and purple, violet scented. The flowers are borne in great profusion when the leaves are still small, making a spectacular display. Fruit a small nut, bearing a single membranous wing.
Type location:
Ethiopia
Notes: The English name derives from the violet scented flowers.
The larval foodplant of the butterfly, Charaxes penricei (Nymphalidae, Charaxinae). Lepidoptera.
Derivation of specific name: longepedunculata: with a long inflorescence stalk (peduncle)
Habitat: Woodland, scrub and grassland.
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, southward to northern South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes etesipe tavetensis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 October 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 227. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 394. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 346 - 351. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 12.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 314 - 315. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 95.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1960). Polygalaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 305 - 306. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 93.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 136 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 34.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 154.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 221.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Securidaca longepedunculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Caprivi: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Malawi: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Mozambique: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Securidaca longepedunculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Securidaca longepedunculata
African Plant Database: Securidaca longepedunculata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Securidaca longepedunculata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Securidaca longepedunculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Securidaca longepedunculata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Securidaca longepedunculata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Securidaca longepedunculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Securidaca longepedunculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Securidaca longepedunculata
Ispot Southern Africa: Securidaca longepedunculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Securidaca longepedunculata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Securidaca longepedunculata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Securidaca longepedunculata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Securidaca longepedunculata
Tropicos: Securidaca longepedunculata


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Securidaca longepedunculata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133960, retrieved 11 December 2018

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