Phyllanthus leucanthus Pax

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (6)

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Habitat habit
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Habitat lateral shoot
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Habitat flowers and fruits
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Flower dissections
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Flower sections
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Phyllanthus leucanthus

Lateral shoot with leaves and flowers
Fallow grassland
Dabuyu Farms, Lilayi
Jan 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phyllanthus eylesii S. Moore
Phyllanthus merripaensis Jean F. Brunel
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
A scaberulous or glabrous erect monoecious or rarely dioecious annual or perennial herb up to 90 cm tall but usually much less; lead shoots angular; lateral shoots up to 15 cm long, narrowly 2-winged; scale leaves c. 1 mm long, narrowly triangular-lanceolate to subulate; foliage leaves distichous; petioles 0.5–1 mm long; leaf blades 0.5–3.5 × 0.4–1.5 cm, elliptic to oblong, subacute, obtuse or rounded, cuneate or rounded at the base, light to medium green above, paler and somewhat glaucescent or purplish-tinged beneath; male flowers in few-flowered clusters in the lower parts of the lateral shoots, female flowers pendulous and solitary in the upper parts of the lateral shoots; male flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long; sepals 6, c. 1 × 1 mm, suborbicular-obovate, rounded, cream-coloured with a greenish midrib; female flowers: pedicels 1 mm long, extending to 2 mm in fruit, somewhat flattened; sepals 6, in 2 whorls of 3, 1.5 × 1 mm, accrescent to 3 × 2 mm in fruit, the outer broadly elliptic and rounded to cordate at the base, the inner obovate and attenuate-cuneate at the base, white with a narrow green midrib; fruit 1.8 × 2.8 mm, depressed 3-lobed to subglobose, smooth, olivaceous, enclosed by the persistent sepals; seeds 1.5 × 1.2 × 1 mm, segmentiform, light to dark brown, with 7–9 shallow longitudinal ridges on the dorsal facet, and 6–7 concentric ridges on each ventral facet.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: leucanthus: white-flowered
Habitat: In shady places in dense riverine and lakeshore vegetation, high rainfall miombo woodlands, evergreen forest margins, grasslands (dambos, plateau, submontane) as well as in disturbed and cultivated ground.
Altitude range: 520 - 1645 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Congo-Brazzavile, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, DRC, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Mc,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 March 2023
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 61 - 63.

Other sources of information about Phyllanthus leucanthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Flora of Mozambique: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phyllanthus leucanthus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyllanthus leucanthus
African Plant Database: Phyllanthus leucanthus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyllanthus leucanthus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyllanthus leucanthus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyllanthus leucanthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phyllanthus leucanthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyllanthus leucanthus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Plants of the World Online: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Tropicos: Phyllanthus leucanthus
Wikipedia: Phyllanthus leucanthus


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phyllanthus leucanthus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134210, retrieved 16 June 2024

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use