Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.

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Hymenocardia ulmoides

Young fruit
Dec 2005
Photo: Mike Bingham

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Nov 2006
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Male flowers
Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2006
Photo: Jos Stevens

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hymenocardia capensis Hutch.
Common names:
Status: Native
Usually a small tree to medium-sized tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly tapering, bright or dark green above, paler below with a few scattered gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under; petiole reddish. Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, pinkish in small catkin-like spikes; female flowers solitary, green. Fruit sub-orbicular or heart-shaped, flat, almost completely surrounded by a wing, emarginate at the apex, rose-red, streaked with yellow or green.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: ulmoides: resembling an Elm tree (Ulmus sp).
Habitat: Lake shore dune, woodland, thicket
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; widespread in central and southern Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 2 August 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., L├Âtter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 413. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hymenocardia ulmoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenocardia ulmoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenocardia ulmoides
African Plant Database: Hymenocardia ulmoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenocardia ulmoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenocardia ulmoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenocardia ulmoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenocardia ulmoides
iNaturalist: Hymenocardia ulmoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenocardia ulmoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Plants of the World Online: Hymenocardia ulmoides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Tropicos: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Wikipedia: Hymenocardia ulmoides

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hymenocardia ulmoides.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134530, retrieved 16 December 2019

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