Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.

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Hymenocardia ulmoides

Young fruit
Dec 2005
Photo: Mike Bingham

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Nov 2006
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Male flowers
Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Apr 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2006
Photo: Jos Stevens

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hymenocardia capensis Hutch.
Common names:
Status: Native
Usually a small tree to medium-sized tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly tapering, bright or dark green above, paler below with a few scattered gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under; petiole reddish. Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, pinkish in small catkin-like spikes; female flowers solitary, green. Fruit sub-orbicular or heart-shaped, flat, almost completely surrounded by a wing, emarginate at the apex, rose-red, streaked with yellow or green.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: ulmoides: resembling an Elm tree (Ulmus sp).
Habitat: Lake shore dune, woodland, thicket
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; widespread in central and southern Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 2 August 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 413. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Other sources of information about Hymenocardia ulmoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenocardia ulmoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenocardia ulmoides
African Plant Database: Hymenocardia ulmoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenocardia ulmoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenocardia ulmoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hymenocardia ulmoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenocardia ulmoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Plants of the World Online: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Tropicos: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Wikipedia: Hymenocardia ulmoides

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hymenocardia ulmoides.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134530, retrieved 5 October 2023

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