Uapaca kirkiana Müll. Arg.
var. kirkiana

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Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Drawing showing characteristics forUapaca kirkiana
Lusaka 1976: Suzanne Carter

Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Drawing showing characteristics forUapaca kirkiana
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

Drawing showing characteristics forUapaca kirkiana
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Small evergreen tree with large, brittle, ovate to obovate leaves. Leaves often distinctly curled over from the midrib in the shape of a saddle. Flowers unisexual, often, but not always, sexes on different trees. Fruits orange-yellow.
Type location:
Notes: Zimbabwean records of Uapaca kirkiana have been named var. kirkiana. The variety of the Zambian plants is not known but we have provisionally also placed them under var. kirkiana.
Derivation of specific name: kirkiana: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa from Burundi south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis bamptoni (Larval foodplant)
Abantis arctomarginata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 February 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 149. as Uapaca kirkiana

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 420. As Uapaca kirkiana (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 180 - 184. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 7.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251. As Uapaca kirkiana

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 10 - 11. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 100 - 102. As Uapaca kirkiana

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 38.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 89.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana
Flora of Mozambique: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Uapaca kirkiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Uapaca kirkiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Uapaca kirkiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Uapaca kirkiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Uapaca kirkiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Uapaca kirkiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Uapaca kirkiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Uapaca kirkiana
Plants of the World Online: Uapaca kirkiana
Tropicos: Uapaca kirkiana
Wikipedia: Uapaca kirkiana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Uapaca kirkiana var. kirkiana., retrieved 22 September 2023

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