Croton sylvaticus Hochst. ex C. Krauss

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Croton sylvaticus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd in Bunga Forest

Croton sylvaticus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at corner of Jevington rd, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd at corner of Jevington rd, Vumba

Croton sylvaticus

Picture: Mark Hyde
48, Borrowdale Road, Harare

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Croton bukobensis Pax
Croton oxypetalus Müll. Arg.
Croton stuhlmannii Pax
Croton verdickii De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or medium to large deciduous tree. Bark pale to dark grey, smooth when young, slightly rough in older trees. Leaves elliptic, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, up to c. 20 cm long, fairly thinly textured, somewhat almond-like aromatic when crushed, stellate hairy on both surfaces when young, hairless when older, 3-5-veined from the base, stalked glands present at the base of the leaf below; margin with glandular teeth. Flowers in terminal racemes, unisexual, mostly male with some female flowers near the base of the inflorescence. Fruit 3-lobed, up to 1 cm in diameter, in conspicuous clusters, orange when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Derivation of specific name: sylvaticus: sylvan, forest-loving
Habitat: In forest or associated dense woodland, sometimes as a pioneer species.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout most of tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 444. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 286 - 287.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 36.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 86.

Other sources of information about Croton sylvaticus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Mozambique: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Croton sylvaticus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Croton sylvaticus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Croton sylvaticus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Croton sylvaticus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Croton sylvaticus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Croton sylvaticus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Croton sylvaticus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Croton sylvaticus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Croton sylvaticus
iNaturalist: Croton sylvaticus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton sylvaticus
JSTOR Plant Science: Croton sylvaticus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Croton sylvaticus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Croton sylvaticus
Plants of the World Online: Croton sylvaticus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Croton sylvaticus
Tropicos: Croton sylvaticus
Wikipedia: Croton sylvaticus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Croton sylvaticus., retrieved 8 August 2020

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