Plukenetia africana Sond.

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Plukenetia africana

Picture: Warren McCleland
Pande, Inhassoro District

Plukenetia africana

Picture: Warren McCleland
Pande, Inhassoro District

Plukenetia africana

Picture: Warren McCleland
Pande, Inhassoro District

Plukenetia africana

Picture: Warren McCleland
Pande, Inhassoro District

Plukenetia africana

Picture: Warren McCleland
Pande, Inhassoro District

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Synonyms: Plukenetia hastata Müll. Arg.
Pseudotragia scandens Pax
Pseudotragia schinzii Pax
Pterococcus africanus (Sond.) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Sajorium africanum (Sond.) Baill.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb or suffrutex with prostrate, ascending or twining stems up to 80 cm long, growing from a woody rootstock. Leaves lanceolate to linear, 1.5-12 cm long, often hastate-sagittate at the base, mostly hairless, sometimes tinged purplish; margin finely toothed to subentire; petiole 1-25 mm long. Inflorescences usually leaf-opposed racemes, 1-10 cm long with narrowly elliptic-lanceolate bracts subtending each flower, 1.5-2.5 mm long. Flowers unisexual with many male flowers and a female flower at the base of the inflorescences, greenish-cream or yellowish; pedicel of female flower extending to 1-2 cm in fruit. Fruit cross-shaped, 1.5-2 cm across with horned cocci, somewhat roughly pubescent, green.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In various types of deciduous woodland or wooded grassland, on dry sandy soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola and Mpumalanga South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 22 August 2016
Literature:

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 94. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42. As Pterococcus africanus

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 210 - 212. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58. As Plukenetia africana

Other sources of information about Plukenetia africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plukenetia africana
Flora of Caprivi: Plukenetia africana
Flora of Mozambique: Plukenetia africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plukenetia africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Plukenetia africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Plukenetia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Plukenetia africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plukenetia africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plukenetia africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Plukenetia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Plukenetia africana
iNaturalist: Plukenetia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plukenetia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Plukenetia africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plukenetia africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Plukenetia africana
Plants of the World Online: Plukenetia africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Plukenetia africana
Tropicos: Plukenetia africana
Wikipedia: Plukenetia africana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Plukenetia africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135320, retrieved 14 November 2019

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