Clutia paxii Knauf ex Pax

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Clutia paxii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near summit plateau Castle Beaon, Vumba

Clutia paxii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near summit plateau Castle Beaon, Vumba

Clutia paxii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near summit plateau Castle Beaon, Vumba

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Synonyms: Clutia phyllanthoides S. Moore
Cluytia gracilis Hutch.
Cluytia stenophylla Pax & K. Hoffm.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Virgate small shrub up to 2.5 m tall. Leaves obovate to elliptic-lanceolate, mostly up to c. 3 × 1.5 cm, green above, greysh-green beneath, hairless or sparingly pubescent on both surfaces, turning bright red when older; lateral veins often very indistinct; petiole 0.5-3 mm. Flowers unisexual on different plants. Male flowers in many-flowered clusters, greenish-white to yellowish, with 2-3 glands at the base of the petals. Female flowers solitary or in pairs, greenish-yellow. Fruit c. 4 × 4 mm, hairless, green to dull reddish-brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: paxii: possibly for Ferdinand Albin Pax (1858-1942), German botanist and entomologist, professor of botany and zoology at the Technical University of Wroclaw and Director of the Botanical Garden at Breslau.
Habitat: In ericoid scrub and on the margins of submontane forest.
Altitude range: 1525 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC (Kivu), Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 17 May 2012

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 144.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 435. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 513.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 55.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 48.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 129 - 139.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 247.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Clutia paxii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Clutia paxii
Flora of Mozambique: Clutia paxii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Clutia paxii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clutia paxii
African Plant Database: Clutia paxii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clutia paxii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clutia paxii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clutia paxii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clutia paxii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clutia paxii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clutia paxii
iNaturalist: Clutia paxii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clutia paxii
JSTOR Plant Science: Clutia paxii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clutia paxii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clutia paxii
Plants of the World Online: Clutia paxii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clutia paxii
Tropicos: Clutia paxii
Wikipedia: Clutia paxii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Clutia paxii., retrieved 17 February 2020

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