Euphorbia malevola L.C. Leach

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Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Hot Springs Resort, Save-Odzi Valley.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Hot Springs Resort, Save-Odzi Valley.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Hot Springs Resort, Save-Odzi Valley.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Hot Springs Resort, Save-Odzi Valley.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Euphorbia malevola

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chipote, Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Succulent shrub up to 1.5 m high, much-branched from the base. Branches slender, c. 1 cm in diameter, 4(5)-angled; greyish-green with dark purple mottling along the angles; tubercles on the angles set at 8-15 mm intervals. Spines needle-like, 5-7 mm long, spreading; spine shields separated, decurrent along the margins of the angles, rarely forming a continuous margin; each shield crowned with a second pair of prickles, c. 2 mm above the spines. Minute leaves ovate, c 1.5 mm long, falling very early. Cyathia c. 3 × 5.5 mm with funnel-shaped involucres, brownish-yellow with a purplish-red margin. Fruit sessile, subglobose, c 3.5 × 4 cm, dull green with purple markings.
Type location:
Zimbabwe
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open deciduous woodland, often on granite outcrops
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 121 - 122. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26. As Euphorbia malevola malevola

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173. as subsp. malevola

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia malevola:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia malevola
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia malevola
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia malevola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia malevola
African Plant Database: Euphorbia malevola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia malevola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia malevola
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia malevola
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia malevola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia malevola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia malevola
iNaturalist: Euphorbia malevola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia malevola
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia malevola
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia malevola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia malevola
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia malevola
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia malevola
Tropicos: Euphorbia malevola
Wikipedia: Euphorbia malevola


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euphorbia malevola.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136150, retrieved 3 April 2020

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