Euphorbia persistentifolia L.C. Leach

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Common names:
Status: Native
Stout succulent spiny shrub to 2 m or small tree to 3.5 m high.Branches whorled, spreading-ascending, rebranching, acutely 4–5-angled, 2–5 cm in diameter, constricted into segments to 40 cm long; angles sinuate, with tubercles 1–2 cm apart along the margins.Spine shields joined in a whitish horny margin 0.5–2 mm wide; spines 3–7(15) mm long, diverging; prickles minute.Leaves c. 6–10 × 1.6–2.5 cm, narrowly obovate, subsessile, persistent for several months.Cymes solitary, 1–2-forked, peduncle and cyme branches c. 3 mm long; bracts c. 3 mm long, ovate.Cyathia with involucres 3.5–4 × 5–6 mm, funnel-shaped; glands 2–3 mm wide, transversely elliptic, greenish-yellow; lobes c. 2.25 mm long, broadly elliptic, fimbriate.Male flowers 20–25(45): bracteoles c. 3 mm long, fimbriate; pedicels and filaments each c. 2.5 mm long.Female flower: perianth 3-lobed, c. 2 mm in diameter; styles c. 2.5 mm long, spreading, recurved with bifid apices.Capsule to 4 × 7 mm, obtusely lobed, subtruncate, exserted on a recurved pedicel c. 7 mm long.Seeds c. 2.5 × 2 mm, subglobose, smooth, pale brown with irregular blotches.
From FZ, Vol 9, Part 5, (2001) Author: S. Carter & L.C. Leach
Type location:
Zambia, Chirundu
Notes: A variable species in habit, leaf size and capsule shape
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Escarpment Brachystegia woodland, on rocky slopes
Altitude range: 610 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This species occurs mainly along the Zambezi Valley and its Escarpments from below the Victoria Falls to the Mavuradonha Mts
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 22 August 2017

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 410.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia persistentifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia persistentifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia persistentifolia
African Plant Database: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia persistentifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia persistentifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia persistentifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia persistentifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia persistentifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia persistentifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia persistentifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia persistentifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia persistentifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia persistentifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia persistentifolia
Tropicos: Euphorbia persistentifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euphorbia persistentifolia., retrieved 26 May 2019

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