Euphorbia persistentifolia L.C. Leach

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Common names:
Status: Native
Stout succulent spiny shrub to 2 m or small tree to 3.5 m high.Branches whorled, spreading-ascending, rebranching, acutely 4–5-angled, 2–5 cm in diameter, constricted into segments to 40 cm long; angles sinuate, with tubercles 1–2 cm apart along the margins.Spine shields joined in a whitish horny margin 0.5–2 mm wide; spines 3–7(15) mm long, diverging; prickles minute.Leaves c. 6–10 × 1.6–2.5 cm, narrowly obovate, subsessile, persistent for several months.Cymes solitary, 1–2-forked, peduncle and cyme branches c. 3 mm long; bracts c. 3 mm long, ovate.Cyathia with involucres 3.5–4 × 5–6 mm, funnel-shaped; glands 2–3 mm wide, transversely elliptic, greenish-yellow; lobes c. 2.25 mm long, broadly elliptic, fimbriate.Male flowers 20–25(45): bracteoles c. 3 mm long, fimbriate; pedicels and filaments each c. 2.5 mm long.Female flower: perianth 3-lobed, c. 2 mm in diameter; styles c. 2.5 mm long, spreading, recurved with bifid apices.Capsule to 4 × 7 mm, obtusely lobed, subtruncate, exserted on a recurved pedicel c. 7 mm long.Seeds c. 2.5 × 2 mm, subglobose, smooth, pale brown with irregular blotches.
From FZ, Vol 9, Part 5, (2001) Author: S. Carter & L.C. Leach
Type location:
Zambia, Chirundu
Notes: A variable species in habit, leaf size and capsule shape
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Escarpment Brachystegia woodland, on rocky slopes
Altitude range: 610 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This species occurs mainly along the Zambezi Valley and its Escarpments from below the Victoria Falls to the Mavuradonha Mts
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 22 August 2017

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 410.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia persistentifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia persistentifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia persistentifolia
African Plant Database: Euphorbia persistentifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia persistentifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia persistentifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia persistentifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Euphorbia persistentifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia persistentifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Tropicos: Euphorbia persistentifolia
Wikipedia: Euphorbia persistentifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euphorbia persistentifolia., retrieved 30 November 2023

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