Elaeodendron matabelicum Loes.

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Elaeodendron matabelicum

Miombo woodland boundary
Lilayi Lodge, Kafue Distr.
Sep 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Elaeodendron matabelicum

Miombo woodland boundary
Lilayi Lodge, Kafue Distr.
Sep 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Elaeodendron matabelicum

Miombo woodland boundary
Lilayi Lodge, Kafue Distr.
Sep 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Elaeodendron matabelicum

Miombo woodland boundary
Lilayi Lodge, Kafue Distr.
Sep 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassine matabelica (Loes.) Steedman
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Tree 2-12(20) m tall; branches 4-lined when young becoming terete with whitish lenticels and eventually becoming greyish; Leaves yellowish-green to dark green above, greyish-green beneath, lamina c. 4-10 x 1.5-4.5 cm, oblong to elliptic or lanceolate, acute or shortly acuminate to obtuse or apiculate at apex, cuneate to angustate at base, margins obtusely glandular denticulate or rarely dentate or subentire, coriaceous; petioles 7-18 mm long; inflorescences in axillary cymes, peduncles 3-25 mm, bearing numerous greenish-yellow flowers in sub-globose clusters; flowers c. 4 mm in diameter; sepals 5, semi-circular, entire; petals 5, 1-1.5 mm long, oblong or elliptic-oblong with paler margin; stamens 5; fruit a sub-globose to ellipsoid or obovoid smooth drupe, yellow or greenish-yellow drying dark red, 13-18 mm long,
Type location:
Notes: Flowering time Zambia: May - Sep
Derivation of specific name: matabelicum: of Matabeleland, in Zimbabwe where the type collection was made.
Habitat: In dry open deciduous woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: 425 - 1525 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola through Zambia and Malawi to Mozambique south to Zimbabwe and Botswana
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 December 2022

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 500. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 619 - 620. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Cassine matabelica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 39.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 385 - 389. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 45.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 42.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 41. as Cassine matabelicum (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Elaeodendron matabelicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Malawi: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Mozambique: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Elaeodendron matabelicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elaeodendron matabelicum
African Plant Database: Elaeodendron matabelicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elaeodendron matabelicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaeodendron matabelicum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elaeodendron matabelicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elaeodendron matabelicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elaeodendron matabelicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Elaeodendron matabelicum
iNaturalist: Elaeodendron matabelicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaeodendron matabelicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Plants of the World Online: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Tropicos: Elaeodendron matabelicum
Wikipedia: Elaeodendron matabelicum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Elaeodendron matabelicum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137050, retrieved 4 February 2023

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