Paullinia pinnata L.

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Paullinia pinnata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Island 2, Katombora Is

Paullinia pinnata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Katombora, Zambezi

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Common names:
Status: Native
Liane or climbing shrub. Stem angled, flattened or triangular. Leaves imparipinnate with winged rhachis. Inflorescences axillary on long stalks, bearing paired coiled tendrils. Flowers white. Fruit c. 2.5 cm long, obconical, 3-lobed at the apex, red when ripe. Seeds black, partially enclosed in a white aril.
Type location:
Notes: An isolated sub-population is known from the Victoria Falls area in W. Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Derivation of specific name: pinnata: pinnate, referring to the compound leaves
Habitat: In evergreen and mixed forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and subtropical America, tropical & South Africa, Comoros and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,C
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Eurytela dryope angulata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 20 February 2024

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 540. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 512 - 514. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. & Sousa, E.P. (1973). 51. Sapindaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 20 - 21.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Other sources of information about Paullinia pinnata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Caprivi: Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Malawi: Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Mozambique: Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Paullinia pinnata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Paullinia pinnata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Paullinia pinnata
African Plant Database: Paullinia pinnata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Paullinia pinnata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Paullinia pinnata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Paullinia pinnata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Paullinia pinnata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Paullinia pinnata
JSTOR Plant Science: Paullinia pinnata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Paullinia pinnata
Plants of the World Online: Paullinia pinnata
Tropicos: Paullinia pinnata
Wikipedia: Paullinia pinnata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Paullinia pinnata., retrieved 13 April 2024

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