Zanha africana (Radlk.) Exell

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Zanha africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Zanha africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Zanha africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Zanha africana

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Zanha africana

Jun 2010.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Zanha africana

Aug 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Zanha africana

Jul 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Zanha africana

Photo: Mike Bingham

Zanha africana

Oct 1972.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dialiopsis africana Radlk.
Common names: Cibangalume (Bemba) Cibangalume (Nyanja) Musangalwembe (Lozi) Mutalala (Tonga: Zambia) Sangalwendo (Lenje)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Shrub or tree up to 10 m high. Leaves pinnate; leaflets in 3-5 pairs, subsessile, elliptic-oblong, woolly hairy when young, pubescent when mature; apex obtuse; margin crenate, crenate-serrate or entire; base rounded to ± cordate. Inflorescences in congested subspherical heads, c. 2 cm in diameter. Sepals 2-2.5 mm. Petals absent. Fruit obovoid-ellipsoid to spherical, up to 3 × 2 cm, orange or yellow, woolly hairy.
Type location:
Notes: Widespread; not threatened.
The leaves of this species may appear to be either paripinnate or imparipinnate.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Hill miombo; dambo margin woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Eastern and central tropical Africa: Kenya to Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 27 August 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 541. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 403 - 406. Dialiopsis africana (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 130 - 131. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 537 - 539. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris

Other sources of information about Zanha africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zanha africana
Flora of Mozambique: Zanha africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zanha africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zanha africana
African Plant Database: Zanha africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zanha africana
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GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zanha africana
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iNaturalist: Zanha africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanha africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanha africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zanha africana
Plants of the World Online: Zanha africana
Tropicos: Zanha africana
Wikipedia: Zanha africana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Zanha africana., retrieved 16 June 2024

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