Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f.) Wild & R.B. Drumm.

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Rhoicissus tridentata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Rhoicissus tridentata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Rhoicissus tridentata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

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Synonyms: Rhoicissus cuneifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Planch.
Rhoicissus erythrodes (Fresen.) Planch.
Rhus tridentata L. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Normally a climber with tendrils but occasionally a shrub or very small tree. Young branches may be covered in rusty hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate with margins dentate. Flowers in small elongate heads, greenish-yellow. Fruits near spherical, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, red to black when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: tridentata: with three teeth. This name was derived from the type specimen which had very few teeth on the leaf margin. This form is fairly common in parts of South Africa but elsewhere the leaf margins show many more teeth.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, often associated with rocky places.
Altitude range: Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Eswatini and South Africa. Also in Yemen.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C,S
Growth form(s): Climber, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Euchloron megaera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 285. as Rhoicissus tridentata cuneifolia (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 557. As Rhoicissus tridentata cuneifolia (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47. As Rhoicissus tridentata cuneifolia

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30. As Rhoicissus tridentata cuneifolia

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 679 - 680.

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 40.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 121. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 103.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 390 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111. As: Rhoicissus tridentata

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 39 - 40. as Rhus tridentata (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 186.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 392 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 454 - 455. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 600 - 601. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 10 - 11.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1963). Vitaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area: 3 Kirkia 3 Page 19.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 444 - 446. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 100.

Other sources of information about Rhoicissus tridentata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Malawi: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Mozambique: Rhoicissus tridentata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhoicissus tridentata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhoicissus tridentata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhoicissus tridentata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhoicissus tridentata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhoicissus tridentata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhoicissus tridentata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhoicissus tridentata
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhoicissus tridentata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhoicissus tridentata
Plants of the World Online: Rhoicissus tridentata
Tropicos: Rhoicissus tridentata
Wikipedia: Rhoicissus tridentata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rhoicissus tridentata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137860, retrieved 27 May 2024

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