Cissus quadrangularis L.

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Cissus quadrangularis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Katombora Islands

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Synonyms: Cissus cactiformis Gilg
Cissus succulenta (Galpin) Burtt Davy
Cissus tetragona Harv.
Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Vitis succulenta Galpin
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Succulent climbing herb with tendrils. Stems 4-angled with wings at the angles. Leaves fleshy, very broadly ovate, variously 3-lobed; margin dentate. Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered. Fruit red when ripe.
Type location:
India
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: quadrangularis: 4-angled
Habitat: In a variety of low rainfall habitats.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in drier parts of tropical Africa and Madagascar, Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Malesia and the Philippines.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hippotion celerio (Food plant)
Hippotion osiris (Food plant)
Agoma trimenii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 553. Also as Cissus cactiformis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8. As Cissus quadrangularis pubescens

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 367. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 25 - 26.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 456 - 457.

Other sources of information about Cissus quadrangularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Malawi: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Mozambique: Cissus quadrangularis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cissus quadrangularis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cissus quadrangularis
African Plant Database: Cissus quadrangularis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cissus quadrangularis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cissus quadrangularis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cissus quadrangularis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cissus quadrangularis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cissus quadrangularis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cissus quadrangularis
iNaturalist: Cissus quadrangularis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cissus quadrangularis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cissus quadrangularis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cissus quadrangularis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cissus quadrangularis
Plants of the World Online: Cissus quadrangularis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cissus quadrangularis
Tropicos: Cissus quadrangularis
Wikipedia: Cissus quadrangularis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cissus quadrangularis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137920, retrieved 7 December 2019

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