Cyphostemma congestum (Baker) Desc. ex Wild & R.B. Drumm.

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Cyphostemma congestum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Cyphostemma congestum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Cyphostemma congestum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Cyphostemma congestum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Cyphostemma congestum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cissus congesta (Baker) Planch.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Climbing perennial, sometimes prostrate, growing from a tuberous root. Tendrils present. Leaves somewhat fleshy, sessile, 3-5-foliolate; leaflets up to 12 × 5 cm, more or less narrowly elliptic, often folded along the midrib, more or less velvety on both surfaces. Inflorescences lax on short axillary branchlets densely whitish pubescent. Flowers greenish-white, sometimes flushed with pink. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 8 × 5 mm, densely pubescent, red when ripe.
Type location:
Malawi
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: congestum: congested
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 320. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 83.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 228.

Wild, H, Drummond, R.B. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 50. Vitaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 36 - 37.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 473 - 474.

Other sources of information about Cyphostemma congestum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyphostemma congestum
Flora of Caprivi: Cyphostemma congestum
Flora of Mozambique: Cyphostemma congestum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyphostemma congestum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyphostemma congestum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cyphostemma congestum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyphostemma congestum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyphostemma congestum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyphostemma congestum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyphostemma congestum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyphostemma congestum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyphostemma congestum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyphostemma congestum
Ispot Southern Africa: Cyphostemma congestum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyphostemma congestum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyphostemma congestum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyphostemma congestum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyphostemma congestum
Tropicos: Cyphostemma congestum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cyphostemma congestum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137990, retrieved 26 April 2018

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