Sterculia quinqueloba (Garcke) K. Schum.

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Sterculia quinqueloba

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Cheowa, Kanyere escarpment; Mar 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Open munga woodland;
Lusaka SE 31 km, Nachitete; Jul 1999.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia quinqueloba

Sep 1974.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cola quinqueloba Garcke
Sterculia livingstoniana Engl. ?
Common names: Mgoza (Nyanja) Mukose (Tonga: Zambia) Mulende (Lunda) Mulende (Tonga: Zambia) Mweemwe (Bemba) Mweemwe (Lenje)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized deciduous tree. Bark smooth cream to pinkish brown, flaking. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, large, 5-lobed. Flowers yellow, in branched terminal heads, unisexual, both sexes on the same inflorescence. Fruit consisting of 5 separate carpels, covered in golden velvet hairs. The carpels split to show black seeds attached to the rim amidst irritant hairs.
Type location:
Mozambique
Notes: Flowering time: Feb-Mar. Insects: Cotton-stainer bugs (Dysdercus sp.) destroy any seed lying on the ground.
Derivation of specific name: quinqueloba: with five lobes
Habitat: Escarpment slopes and termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: D.R. Congo, Katanga, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 7 July 2014
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 216. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 419 - 422. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 50.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 99 - 100. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 179.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 236 - 237. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 246.

Wild, H. (1960-1). Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 555 - 556. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sterculia quinqueloba:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sterculia quinqueloba
Flora of Mozambique: Sterculia quinqueloba
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sterculia quinqueloba

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sterculia quinqueloba
African Plant Database: Sterculia quinqueloba
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sterculia quinqueloba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sterculia quinqueloba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sterculia quinqueloba
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sterculia quinqueloba
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sterculia quinqueloba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sterculia quinqueloba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sterculia quinqueloba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sterculia quinqueloba
Ispot Southern Africa: Sterculia quinqueloba
JSTOR Plant Science: Sterculia quinqueloba
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sterculia quinqueloba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sterculia quinqueloba
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sterculia quinqueloba
Tropicos: Sterculia quinqueloba


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sterculia quinqueloba.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140070, retrieved 18 October 2018

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