Rawsonia lucida Harv. & Sond.

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Rawsonia lucida

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rawsonia lucida

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rawsonia lucida

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest

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Synonyms: Rawsonia usambarensis Engl. & Gilg
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small evergreen tree with spreading, drooping branches. Leaves alternate, oblong, 7-16 cm long, leathery and very glossy above; margin sharply toothed wit the forward pointing teeth; petiole up to 1.2 cm long. Flowers in short axillary inflorescences up to 2 cm long. Sepals 4-5, orbicular, 1.5-3.5 mm wide. Petals whitish-green, about twice the size of the sepals; stamens numerous, c. 8 mm long, white. Fruit globose, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, style persistent as a short point, yellow when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name: lucida: shining
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Lachnoptera ayresii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 176. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 636. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Pages 89 - 95. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 59.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53. Under Flacourtiaceae

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 105.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 262 - 264. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 87.

Other sources of information about Rawsonia lucida:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rawsonia lucida
Flora of Malawi: Rawsonia lucida
Flora of Mozambique: Rawsonia lucida
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rawsonia lucida

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rawsonia lucida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rawsonia lucida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rawsonia lucida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rawsonia lucida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rawsonia lucida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rawsonia lucida
JSTOR Plant Science: Rawsonia lucida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rawsonia lucida
Plants of the World Online: Rawsonia lucida
Tropicos: Rawsonia lucida
Wikipedia: Rawsonia lucida

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rawsonia lucida.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140650, retrieved 27 May 2024

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