Gnidia involucrata Steud. ex A. Rich.

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Gnidia involucrata

Tenke Fungurume DRC
aug 2011
Photo: Mike Bingham

Gnidia involucrata

Jan 1997
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Gnidia buchananii Gilg
Gnidia huillensis Gilg
Gnidia leiantha Gilg
Gnidia macrorrhiza Gilg
Gnidia mittuorum Gilg
Gnidia ringoetii De Wild. & Ledoux
Gnidia schweinfurthii Gilg
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, up to c. 1 m high with numerous stems growing from a very thick woody rhizome. Stems and branches hairless, green or reddish or flushed brownish-purple. Leaves alternate, sessile or very shortly petiolate, linear, elliptic or narrowly obovate, 1-3 cm long, light green, blue-green or sometimes reddish, hairless or sometimes with scattered hairs when young; midrib visible beneath. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary head, 1-2 cm in diameter, 4-40-flowered. Bracts usually 5-6, yellowish-green or often reddish to dark brown, elliptic, broadly to almost round, leaf-like, hairless, persistent. Flowers 4-merous (rarely 5-merous), orange-yellow,pink to red or brownish. Calyx tube up to 14 mm long, hairless to densely pubescent above the articulation.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: involucrata: with an involucre, referring to the persistent whorl of broad, overlapping bracts subtending the inflorescence.
Habitat: Open and wooded grassland and stony hills, often in areas exposed to fires.
Altitude range: 600 - 2440 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, DRC, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 21 September 2016

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 74 - 75. as Gnidia buchananii (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 276.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 113.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

Peterson, B. (1978). Thymelaeaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 25 - 26.

Peterson, B. (updated by Verdcourt, B.) (2006). Thymelaeaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 100 - 101.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Other sources of information about Gnidia involucrata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gnidia involucrata
Flora of Mozambique: Gnidia involucrata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gnidia involucrata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gnidia involucrata
African Plant Database: Gnidia involucrata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gnidia involucrata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gnidia involucrata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gnidia involucrata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gnidia involucrata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gnidia involucrata
JSTOR Plant Science: Gnidia involucrata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gnidia involucrata
Plants of the World Online: Gnidia involucrata
Tropicos: Gnidia involucrata
Wikipedia: Gnidia involucrata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gnidia involucrata., retrieved 24 April 2024

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