Combretum celastroides Welw. ex M.A. Lawson
subsp. celastroides

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Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Picture: Bart Wursten
Island 4, Katombora, Zambezi

Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Drawing showing characteristics forCombretum celastroides
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Lake Tanganyika, Sumbu
Jan 1992
Photo: Mike Bingham

Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Lake Tanganyika, Ndole Bay
Jan 1992
Photo: Mike Bingham

Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Conservation Lower Zambezi
Apr 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

Victoria Falls
May 1997
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum patelliforme Engl. & Diels
Common names:
Status: Native
Deciduous straggling shrub or sometimes a climbing liane. Leaves opposite or subopposite, elliptic to broadly ovate, thinly textured, finely velvety below, turning red to plum-coloured in autumn. Flowers greenish-yellow in sparse axillary spikes. Fruit 4-winged, wings becoming red while centre is green, drying to golden-brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: celastroides: resembling a species of Celastrus (Celastraceae)
Habitat: Deciduous thickets, which it is frequently dominant or co-dominant, mostly at lower altitude.
Altitude range: 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: FZ distribution: Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi. Also Angola and Namibia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,N,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 29 September 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 666.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 797 - 798.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 472 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 105 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Other sources of information about Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum celastroides
African Plant Database: Combretum celastroides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum celastroides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum celastroides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum celastroides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum celastroides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum celastroides
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum celastroides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum celastroides
Plants of the World Online: Combretum celastroides
Tropicos: Combretum celastroides
Wikipedia: Combretum celastroides

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Combretum celastroides subsp. celastroides., retrieved 5 March 2024

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